In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the small town of Weimar in Thuringia saw a remarkable cultural flowering. Enlightened ducal patronage attracted many leading German writers, composers and artists to the town, including Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller and Franz Liszt, thus making Weimar the cultural centre of Europe at that time. This development is reflected in the high quality of many of the buildings and parks in the surrounding area.
“Classical Weimar” was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1998, the 20th site in Germany to be recognised as World Heritage. “Classical Weimar” comprises twelve individual buildings and ensembles, all of which portray tangible and intangible elements of Classical Weimar’s cultural heritage. Weimar’s City Castle, the Duchess Anna Amalia Library, Goethe’s and Schiller’s residences, the Town Church, the Ducal Vault with the Historic Cemetery and many others are included on the World Heritage List.
Weimar’s historical parks and gardens connect the historical buildings and their surrounding grounds and are a key feature in the “Classical Weimar” collection: the Park on the Ilm with the Roman House and Goethe’s Garden House, Belvedere Park with its Castle and Orangery, Tiefurt Park and Castle and Ettersburg Park and Castle.
The European Heritage Volunteers Project “Parks and Gardens of Classical Weimar” has been taking place since 2011. The project aims to combine practical interventions to restore and maintain the historic gardens and parks with heritage education and the promotion of the idea of volunteering for heritage.
The practical part usually consists of two elements – a park restoration part on one hand and a maintenance part on the other hand. Due to a rotating system the volunteers have the opportunity to get to know during the project both fields.
The restoration part will take place at the so called "kitchen garden" at the Southern edge of Belvedere Park that had been arranged in the 19th century as a combined fruit, vegetable and flower garden. Time has had its hand on this garden, and some of its elements have been lost to nature’s way. Nonetheless, the traces of the original designs remain, and the first task will have the participants carefully uncovering and helping to restore a pathway that ran through the kitchen garden.
The dry stone walls as the formative element of the garden are ruinous and need to be protected against progressive decay. The structure will be intervened and restored progressively in the successive years. Since the dry stone walls are an important habitat for wild bees and other rare insects the restoration needs to be carried out extremely carefully. Within the framework of the 2018 project the first steps towards the restoration of the dry stone walls have been undertaken, which were advanced in 2019; in 2020 the works will be continued. Plants that damage the walls will be carefully taken away, the walls will be documented, the stones that had fallen down over decades will be collected to be reutilized, the smaller areas will be restored and the cap stones will be placed back. The works will be guided by a bricklayer specialised on historic walls and traditional techniques that will provide during the study part additional theoretical knowledge in this field.
Another part of the group will carry out maintenance works in the Belvedere Park and the related gardens, part of the ensemble of the UNESCO World Heritage site “Classical Weimar”, thus supporting Weimar Classic Foundation, the responsible site management, in works that can be undertaken only manually. At the same time the participants will gain a detailed and varied knowledge about the parks and gardens of the World Heritage site and the challenges in managing them.
The educational part of the project will inform the participants about the background of the project, provide knowledge about historical garden and park architecture, traditional gardening and other related topics and will include lectures and guided tours about “Classical Weimar” as well as excursions to related heritage sites. The opportunity of free entrance to museums and exhibitions will enable in addition individual study. Finally, there will be a public presentation of UNESCO World Heritage sites from the participants’ home countries, which will enlighten the wider public about the idea of volunteering at heritage sites.
The group will consist of fourteen participants from fourteen different countries, most of them linked to heritage, either professionally or through their studies, or with an interest in architecture, landscape planning or gardening. Therefore every participant can make use of the cultural background to, and own knowledge about heritage in their home countries, enabling a complex and interesting exchange of experiences, approaches and ideas.
The project will take place from August, 15th, to August 29th, 2020 and is organised by European Heritage Volunteers, in cooperation with Klassik Stiftung Weimar (Weimar Classic Foundation).
As in all years since 2012, also the 2020 project is planned to be carried out within the framework of the UNESCO World Heritage Volunteers initiative. The project is worldwide that UNESCO World Heritage Volunteers Project which takes place continuously for the longest period.